Difference Between To And Too

To is used to indicate direction, destination, or an infinitive phrase, while too is used to indicate addition, excessiveness, or a degree of comparison.

Difference Between To And Too

To and too are two of the most commonly used words in the English language, and yet many people still struggle to understand the difference between the two. They look similar and can be spelled and pronounced similarly, but there are actually some important differences in their meanings and usage. In this article, we’ll explore what those differences are and how to use each one correctly.


To is a preposition and an infinitive marker, meaning it can be used to show directions, destinations, points in time, as well as to mark the beginning of an infinitive phrase. For example:

- She is going to the park.

- He will arrive at the airport at 5 pm.

- We decided to go on vacation next week.

To can also be used as a conjunction meaning "in order to" or "so that". For example:

- She worked hard to get good grades.

- I am learning Spanish to travel to Spain.

Finally, to can be used as an adverb in certain contexts, such as to imply "also" or "as well". For example:

- John likes pizza, and I do too.

- He was happy, and I was to.


Too, on the other hand, is an adverb that means "in addition", "also", or "excessively". It's also used to indicate a degree of comparison. For example:

- She, too, loves chocolate.

- The coffee is too hot to drink.

- He was too tired to go out.

The main difference between to and too comes down to their different functions in a sentence. To is generally used to indicate direction, destination, or a function such as "in order to", while too is usually used to indicate addition or excessiveness.

For example, if you said "I went to the store to buy some milk." The word “to” is used to link the verb went with the infinitive phrase to buy some milk and explain your purpose for going out.

On the other hand, if you said "I ate too much cake." The word “too” is used to indicate excessiveness and implies that you ate more cake than was necessary or appropriate.

There is a very slight difference in pronunciation between these two words. When you pronounce "to" it has a slightly long "oo" sound followed by a sharper "t" sound. Whereas when you pronounce "too", it has a slightly shorter "oo" sound followed by a soft "t" sound.

Example Sentences:

- She is going to the library to return her books.

- I need to finish my work before I can go out.

- I love to read books.

- We are going to the beach on Sunday.

- I went to the gym this morning.

- The cake is too sweet.

- She is wearing too much makeup.

- It’s too cold to go outside.

- I ate too much pizza.

- The music is too loud.

Common Errors with To and Too

One of the most common errors when using to and too is adding an extra “o” in too, such that it is spelled as "tooo." This is incorrect. Too is spelled with only two “o”s. This mistake could easily be identified as a typographical error but it may confuse the intended message of the sentence.

Another common mistake is using "to" in a place where "too" should be used and vice versa. This error often happens when the speaker wants to indicate excessiveness, but can result in confusion if the wrong word is used. Perhaps the most common misusage of “to” is when it is used at the end of a sentence, where "too" is actually the word that should have been used.


Knowing when to use to and when to use too will improve the accuracy and clarity of your writings and conversation. They are both very important words in the English language with different meanings and purposes. The biggest difference between the two lies in the types of contexts where they are used and the way they modify the meanings of the surrounding phrases. Use to for direction, destination, or infinitive phrases. Conversely, use too for extra, excessively or much more. By recognizing and understanding the differences between these two words, you can avoid misunderstandings and communicate your message effectively.